Category: Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines


Draft tube: Definition, Function, Types, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages, and Efficiency [Notes with PDF]

If you had observed our previous articles, you can notice that there is a component called Draft Tube which is attached to the end of the Kaplan Turbine and Francis Turbine. In this article, we elaborate on the Draft Tube along with its Definition, Function, Types, Applications, Advantages, Disadvantages, Efficiency, and Design calculation. Now, Let's […]

Difference Between Refrigerator, Heat Pump, and Heat Engine [PDF]

Hello Readers, in today's session, we will discuss on the Difference between a Refrigerator, Heat Pump, and Heat Engine in a detailed way with respective figures. Before going to the differences, let give you an overview of these three devices. What is a Heat Engine? A heat engine is a system that converts Thermal energy […]

Hydroelectric Power Plant: Definition, Layout, Parts, Working, Advantages, Disadvantages & Applications [PDF]

The generation of electricity by hydropower is one of the best methods of producing electric power. In this article, we are going to discuss Hydroelectric Power Plant along with its Definition, Working, Advantages, Disadvantages & Applications. Definition of Hydroelectric Power Plant: Hydroelectric Power Plant is an area where hydraulic energy is converted into electrical energy […]

Francis Turbine: Definition, Parts, Working, Velocity Diagram, Applications, Advantages & Disadvantages [PDF]

In the last session, we had discussed briefly on the Kaplan Turbine and Hydraulic Turbine. Whereas in today's session, we will be discussing on Francis Turbine along with it Definition, Parts, Working, Applications, Advantages & Disadvantages. Lets see the definition of it... Definition of Francis Turbine: Francis Turbine is a mixed flow reaction Turbine in […]

Kaplan Turbine: Introduction, Definition, Components, Working, Application, Advantages & Disadvantages [PDF]

In the last session, we had discussed the Introduction to Hydraulic Turbines, Pelton Wheel Turbine, Centrifugal pump & Reciprocating pump in a detailed way. Therefore, in this article, we will discuss the Kaplan Turbine with its construction, working, advantages, disadvantages, and applications. So let's dive in. Introduction of the Kaplan Turbine: This Kaplan Turbine was developed in 1913 by […]

Hydraulic Turbine: Definition, Classification, Advantages, Disadvantages & Applications [PDF]

Hydraulic turbine or water turbine is a rotary machine that converts potential energy and kinetic energy of water into mechanical work. In this article, we are going to discuss the Hydraulic Turbine along with its Definition, Classification, Advantages, Disadvantages & Applications. Before going into the main topic, let's see the difference between Turbine and pump. Difference between Turbine […]

Centrifugal Pump: Definition, Components, Working, Priming, Advantages, Disadvantages and Applications [PDF]

Centrifugal Pumps are most commonly used in industrial as well as Domestic applications for the transfer of fluids from one place to another place.Today, in this session, we are going to discuss components, working principle, priming, Advantages, Disadvantages, and Applications of the Centrifugal pump in a detailed way. What is a Centrifugal Pump? Centrifugal pump […]

Pelton Wheel Turbine: Components, Working, Applications, Advantages & Disadvantages [PDF]

Pelton Wheel Turbine is the only impulse type of hydraulic turbine named after Lester A.Pelton, the American engineer. It is well suited for operating under high heads. What is a Pelton Turbine? The turbine capable of working under the high potential head of water is the Pelton Wheel Turbine which works on the head greater than […]

38 Basic Fluid Mechanics Questions and Answers [PDF]

This article on Fluid Mechanics questions and answers will be helpful to you when you are going for an interview in a core company. Considering that, I have collected all the Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics & Hydraulic Machinery, which will be helpful to you in both aspects. One is for the case of Interviews, and […]