Every component or material has its own features and depending upon the application or usage those materials are taken into consideration for Industrial applications. Nano Material has its demand in the field of communications in the form of fibres.
Similarly, smart materials are highly in demand because they can react according to the environment. Therefore, in this article, I will be explaining about the Difference between Nano Material Macro Material, Micro Material and Smart Material along with their applications.
In a component, if anyone of the dimensions i.e.(length, Dia, thickness etc.) is of the order of less than 100 NM (or) if a grain size in a material is of the order of less than 100 NM is known as Nano Material.
In a component, if any one of the dimensions i.e.(length, Dia, thickness etc.) is of the order equal to 5 mm (or) If a grain size in a material is of the order of equal to 5 mm is known as macro material.
In a component, if any one of the dimensions i.e.(length, Dia, thickness etc.) is of the order equal to 5 Micrometer (or) If a grain size in a material is of the order of equal to 5 Micrometer is known as micro material.
Note: As size decreases, defect size decreases and that results to the increment of strength. It means Strength is inversely proportional to Defect size.
If you material functions based on its surrounding environment is called as Smart Material.
For example: Quartz, Silicon dioxide.
The voltage generated across the Quartz sensor is the function of the surrounding pressure of the sensor.
The applications of smart materials include artificial muscles, actuators, sensors, electroactive polymers etc.
This is the complete explanation of the article Difference between Nano Material, Macro Material, Micro Material, and Smart Material and from this article, you come to know about the differences of all the four materials and this will be most useful in your interviews.